Traditionally, physical security risks to energy infrastructure have been focused on pipelines and onshore installations, but the increasing importance of offshore hydrocarbon operations and changing risk environment are bringing offshore security to the forefront of operators’ concerns. Offshore installations are often located in exclusive economic zones, or EEZs, in territorial seas or in waters that are under the jurisdiction of coastal states.
It is essential for protecting maritime installations from intentional or unintentional harm:
Oil and gas rigs are located in volatile and dangerous environments, so offshore installation security is essential for protecting maritime installations from intentional or unintentional harm. As well as preventing physical harm, hostile approaches can also cause environmental damage. These threats are increasingly targeted by criminals and terrorist organizations, and offshore installations must be vigilant in dealing with threats.
It requires a dedicated team that carries out a variety of security operations and functions:
Offshore installation security requires a dedicated team that carries out a variety of security operations and functions. These include ensuring the safety of crew members and assets, performing screening programs, and monitoring security equipment. The team also assists in running security programs, reporting security incidents, and supervising the security staff. This personnel must follow strict rules of use of force, which are based on sound legal principles. They also need to have a thorough understanding of physical security systems.
It is also essential in the wake of recent open-water incidents:
Offshore installation security is also essential in the wake of recent open water incidents. These include an attempt to board an offshore drilling platform by eco-activists, which revived a question about coastal state enforcement powers. Even though the incident was limited in scope, the actions have brought offshore contingencies to the forefront of operators’ concerns. Whether the incident was intentional or unintentional, it should be taken seriously by all parties involved. It is essential to understand the legal climate of the offshore location and design responses accordingly.
It is also a component of general maritime security:
Offshore installation security is also a component of general maritime security. This includes the protection of maritime installations against unauthorized acts, such as piracy or civil disobedience. The term includes an assessment of the offshore installation’s risks, a security plan, and offshore security zones. The offshore installation’s risk assessment and security plan should be based on updated legislative and regulatory developments.